Characteristics of homicides committed in Paris and the inner suburbs ,
according to the census drawn up by Corail between 2007 and 2013
In 2006, the Préfecture de Police de Paris (Paris Metropolitan Police Service Headquarters) set up an Operations Cell for Matching and Analysing Associated Offences (CORAIL), for the purposes of detecting serial offences from telegrams, report logbooks or any other operational piece of data forwarded by the Paris region police forces.
On the basis of this information, the ONDRP compiled a sample of 602 homicides committed across four départements (Paris, Hauts-De-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) over a seven-year period (2007 to 2013) with a view to studying their characteristics.
In 2015, not including terror attacks, more than one in two female homicides were committed by a family member
In 2015, not including terror attacks, 1, 286 women were victims of homicides. According to information available on the suspects in police and gendarmerie procedures, 149 of them were victims of family-related homicides, i.e. 52.1% of them.
Intimate partner homicides account for 30.8% of women’s homicides, and family-related homicides not committed by the intimate partner for 21.3%.
One in four instances of insults, threats or physical violence takes place while victims are doing their job
On average over a two-year period, 16% of individuals over 16 years of age responding to the “Living environment and security” surveys claimed to have suffered at least one of personal assaults excluding theft and outside the household. It has been estimated that 24% of these victims indicate that the most recent assault took place while they were doing their job.
This proportion varies considerably depending on their line of business: in particular, it is more than 50% for individuals whose job involves working regularly with others, such as teachers, drivers, health workers or “the police, military and similar occupations”.
Women, the primary declared victims of physical or sexual violence
By describing the violence they have suffered over the two years prior to the "Living environment and security" (CVS) surveys, 18-75 year-old women reveal the extent to which they are more exposed than men to acts committed by someone they know – first and foremost their spouse or former spouse . Women are also more often victims of acts of a sexual nature, whatever form they may take.
Over the 2008 to 2016 survey campaigns, the annual average number of women between the ages of 18 and 75 who claimed to have been the victim of at least one act of a sexual nature over the two years prior to the study stands at 1.7 million, and the number of women subject to physical violence or threats on at least one occasion at more than 2 million. Three out of four acts of a sexual nature are committed against women, whether within or outside the household (74%), whereas almost the same percentage of men (48%) as women (52%) claim to have been a victim of physical violence or threats.
For this type of offence, the proportion of women grows the closer her links with the perpetrator: 58% for physical violence outside the household but by an acquaintance and 66% for physical violence within the household. The gap between men and women is largest when the perpetrator of the physical violence (whether outside or within the household) is the spouse or former spouse: 72% of victims are women in this case.
Who do rape victims reach out to ?
According to the 2008-2015 "Living environment and security" surveys (CVS), almost one in five people who claim to have been raped subsequently go to the police or gendarmerie (19%): 13% formally report the offence and 4% make a statement. 2% of victims do not end up formally reporting it or making statements once at the station.
In 29% of cases, victims see a psychologist or psychiatrist after their ordeal. 15% of victims get in touch with an association or a rape crisis centre helpline. Note that almost two-thirds of victims talk to a family member or friend about it (63%).
Victims who go to the police or gendarmerie are more likely to confide in another person too. Two-thirds of victims who have gone to the police have also seen a doctor, compared to 11% in the opposite case.
Lastly, almost one in five rape victims have never spoken of their ordeal (19%). This proportion is even higher for victims of household-related rape: around a third of people who have been raped by a person they live with have never spoken about it to anyone.